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What is animal welfare
It is scientifically proven that animals are sentient beings that can suffer and feel pain and distress, just like humans. This is why it is a responsibility of humans to respect them and care about their welfare.
”Animal welfare means how an animal is coping with the conditions in which it lives. An animal is in a good state of welfare if (as indicated by scientific evidence) it is healthy, comfortable, well nourished, safe, able to express innate behaviour, and if it is not suffering from unpleasant states such as pain, fear, and distress.” (Terrestrial Animal Health Code, OIE 2016)
Animal welfare refers to the state of the animal, where animals have their basic physical, psychological and behavioural needs satisfied. These include food, water, shelter, veterinary care, expression of natural behaviour.
Internationally recognised ‘Five freedoms’ can serve as a useful guide to assess animal’s state of welfare – whether it is a farm-reared cow, a pet, a laboratory mouse or a bear kept in a zoo.
Concept of ‘Five Freedoms’ is integrated into basis of all international and national legislative documents related to animal welfare.