Serbian citizens, animal lovers, responsible owners. We are witnessing animal cruelty, torture,…
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Bats are really fascinating creatures. They are not blind, and they are not rodents. The name (blind mouses in Serbian) is widespread in Serbian language, and derived most probably from their nocturnal way of living, their small eyes and most of them are relatively small and fast flying animals.
There are many misconceptions, mystical beliefs and fears related to bats. In Europe, from the time of the ancient Romans, bats have been associated with devils and witches. On the other hand, in China and the Far East, this exceptional animal has always been considered aa a symbol of prosperity, health and happiness. However, one thing is certain – Bats do not entangle themselves in people’s hair, because they have exceptional ability to fly with the help of echolocation. Emitting ultrasonic impulses and registering their echo provides these animals to precisely “paint” the picture of their surrounding – making them skilled when flying in the dark.
Bats are only true flying mammals with over 1100 species in the world which makes them about one fifth of total number of mammal species in the world. Like all mammals, they have fur and give birth to live offspring that mothers breastfeed. Bats have an important role in ecosystems where they live. All bats found in Serbia are insectivores so they are controlling insect populations. For example, one bat can eat up to 3.000 insects in one night. These animals feed on dangerous agriculture and forest pests so they are considered as important factor in pest control. They also feed on important disease vectors (such as mosquitos) which could be dangerous to humans and animals. Bats are only predators of nocturnal insects thus are very important- both for humans and ecosystems.
Bats live in different environments, they can be found on seashore or near the rivers and lakes, in forests and in meadows. They can also live in the cities and villages – wherever they can find food and roost. Many bats can be found in colonies (groups) and most of the day they spend in roosts. Bats roosts are often caves, hollows in trees or human constructed objects (buildings, houses, bridges, castles, fortresses)
Despite their uniqueness and tremendous importance with direct or indirect effects on ecosystems and humans, bats are being increasingly threatened by human activity- from intentional abuse and harassment to the loss of suitable habitats and roosts. Important aspects of bat conservation is protection of their roosts and habitats where they feed, or through which they migrate.
When you are visit caves with bats, keep in mind main following:
Do not forget, bats are protected by law and must not be disturbed in their roost!